Welcome To Araria

Araria is situated at the northern part of Purnia and Medhepura in Bihar. Borders of Araria are surrounded by Nepal in northern side, Kishanganj in eastern side and Supaul at western side. The district came into existence by division of Purnia district on Makar-Sankranti day of 1990. District border is adjacent to border of Nepal, so the district is important in terms of security. Jogbani is the last point of Araria and after that "Virat Nagar" district of Nepal starts. For transportation both train and road media's are available. Araria contains two bucs terminals one at '0' mile and second in city. Buses for most of the districts are available and as well as for internal blocks too. Train facility is now in the form of broad gauge track. This track ends one side to the Katihar, which is a big and important junction from where trains to all over India are available, other end of track is Jogbani the last point of Indian rail.

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Demographics

History

Sub-Divisions

Tourist Attractions

Demographics

Total population of Araria is 2,806,200 as per latest provisional figures released by Directorate of Census Operations in Bihar. This shows increase of 30.00 percent in 2011 compared to figures of 2001 census. The initial figures of data shows that male and female were 1,460,878 and 1,345,322 respectively. Araria District of Bihar comprises an area of 2,830 km2. As per census 2011, density of Araria District per square km is 992 compared to 763 per km2 of 2001. Sex ratio of girls in Araria district per 1000 boys was recorded 921 i.e. an increase of 8 points from the figure of 2001 census which puts it at 913. In 2011 census, data of Araria district regarding child under 0-6 age were also collected. There were total 564,131 children under age of 0-6 against 474,181 of 2001 census. Of total 564,131 male and female were 288,728 and 275,403 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per census 2011 was 954 compared to 963 of census 2001. Children's proportion in total population was around 2.70 percent. This figure was around 2.60 percent as per 2001 census. In education sector, Araria District is having average literacy rate of 55.10 percent. Male literacy and female literacy were 64.15 and 45.18 percent respectively. In all, there were total 1,235,303 literates compared to 589,679 literates of 2001 census.

History

Araria has a very prestigious past though shrouded in midst of uncertainties. Some passages in the Mahabharata (Sabha Parva and Vana Parva) describing the conquest of Bhima in the eastern India furnish valuable information regarding the antiquity of the district. In ancient times ruled by three important clans of Indian history Araria may be termed as a place of confluence of three entirely different cultures. The important tribe of Kiratas governed the northern side , while the eastern side was under the Pundras and area west of the river Kosi, at that time flowing somewhere near the present Araria, by Angas. Angas are believed to be the earliest inhabitants of the district, mostly in the area west of the river Kosi  and these are among the easternmost tribes as described in the Atharva-Samhita known to the Aryans. Pundras are said to be the descendents of Saint Vishwamitra. Whereas the Kiratas  were among the few most important ruling  clans of that time. It is said that Raja Virata of Mahabharata had married a Kiranti woman who was the sister of Raja Kichaka , King of Kiratas. Manu regards the Kiratas  as Kshatriyas. Mahadeva  was associated with Kiratas and Bhima meets the Kiratas in the east of Mithila, i.e. the present Araria district. He is credited with having defeated seven of the Kirata rulers. Kiratas are described in the Kirata-Parva and Vana-Parva of Mahabharata and they were considered so powerful that even the Lord Shiva is said to have taken the form of a Kirata. During the Mauryan  period this area formed the part of the Mauryan Empire and according to Asokavadana the Emperor Asoka put to death many naked heretics of this area who had done despite to the Budhist religion.  In later times the district formed the part of the empire of Imperial Guptas. In the sixth century A.D. the area south of the Himalayan pilgrim center of Varaha Kshetra, namely the Gupta kings Budhgupta and Devagupta gave Koti-varsha for the maintenance of the said pilgrim centre. Present district of Araria seems to be part of the Koti-varsa. A brief account of this area and its people has been left by Huen-tsang, the famous Chinese traveler , who visited about 640 A.D. As he saw it had a flourishing population and was studded with tanks , hospices and flowering groves. The land was low and humid with abundant crops and genial climate. According to the Ancient History of India by S.Beal the area west of the river Mahananda, i.e., the present Araria district was held by the Vrijis, a confederacy of tribes, who had come in from Nepal many centuries before. At the end of 12th century the Muslims under Bakhtiyar Khilji burst down upon Bengal shaking Bihar. Bakhtiar removed the seat of government to Lakhnauti (Gaur) and from this centre Ghiasuddin Iwaz (1211-26) extended the area of Muslim control over the whole country called Gaur as well as Bihar and his rule was acknowledged by the surrounding tracts including Tirhut. But it seems due to an impenetrable network of rivers interspersed with large patches of jungle, the area of Muslim control could not extend to the northern portion of the erstwhile Purnea district, i.e., the present Araria district. Hence the present Araria district seems still to have been held by the hill tribes of Nepal. In the first war of independence of 1857 Araria also witnessed a few skirmishes between the mutineers and the commissioner Yule’s forces, which took place near Nathpur. In view of the 1857 episode and other developments regarding the law & order, in the year 1864 Araria was constituted as Sub-Division by merging the small divisions of Araria, Matiari, Dimia, parts of Haveli and Bahadurganj to provide better administration and ultimately it became a district in 1990.

Sub-Divisions

Araria district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Araria and Forbesganj

Araria sub-division comprises 4 blocks : Araria, Bhargama, Siktti and Raniganj.

Frobesganj sub-division comprises 5 blocks: kursakanta, Forbesganj, Bhargama,raniganj and Narpatganj. raniganj and bhargama are under the joint jurisdiction of both the sub-divisions. There are six Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Narpatganj, Raniganj, Forbesganj, Araria, Jokihat and Sikti. All of these are part of Araria Lok Sabha constituency.

Tourist Attractions

A mosque (Jama Masjid), attended by Muslim communities from the nearby region.The burial ground (kabristan) is situated in the middle of the city in khalilabad muhalla. Khalilabad mosque is also situated at the same place.The six-story Kali Mandir temple, popularly known as "Kali Mandir".Temple of lord Shiva located at the center of city in the ancient Thakurbari of Araria, known as Shiva Mandir or more commonly as Thakurbari itself.The Araria-Madanpur Shiva Mandir. Shiva temple in Madanpur. Sultan phokher in Forbesganj is important for Hindu and Muslim communities. Maata aasawar mandir in Gidwas is very important for Hindu.Shiva mandir in Sundernath. Newly constructed Masjid cum madarsa at diyaganj. vishwa Islamic ijtema was held at araria in 2013 in which 10-15 lakhs were gathered for spiritual and Islamic gains.