Welcome To Aurangabad

Aurangabad is a town and the district headquarters of Aurangabad District one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Aurangabad has a population of 101,520. Aurangabad is also the District Headquarters and is situated on the NH 2 (Grand Trunk Road). The people of this region primarily speak Magahi and Hindi. The district is home to myriad tourist attractions. Temples, historical places and Islamic pilgrimage centers are located in the district while excellent connectivity via road and efficient means of local transport have boosted tourism.

Categories

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Culture

Demographics

Education institution

History

Notable people

Sub Divisions

Tourist Attractions

Culture

Literature and culture are the finest embodiments of the spiritual stage of the human society No society can flourish without literary and cultural trends. Agriculture prospers the land where as culture prospers the wisdom. Culture sprays its beauty and fragrance by fostering and developing itself into liberty. Aurangabad has its special status in the field of literature and culture not only on provincial level but also on the national level. The land of Aurangabad has produced eminent personalities from down to ages. The composer of the book, Kadambari of India-fame living at the sacred place, Peeru, Raja Jagannath Prasad Singh, kinkar, Pandit Gangadhar Shastri (respected in the kingdom of the gwalior Raj Gharana), Shri Rudrashta Pathak, Pandit Damodar Mishra, Shri Kamleswar jee, Shri Kamta Prasad Singh, Qam, Shri Ram Ghulam Ram and Shri Shankar Dayal Singh, the Son of Shri Kamta Prasad Singh Qam and an ex-member of the Rajya Sabha are among them with their various deeds aimed at the welfare of humanity on a wide scale. The land of Aurangabad has got the fate of achieving the specialized and wealthy Jhunjhunanwa hill and a peculiar natural wealth. The ancient books in Bengali, Urdu, Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi and English are available at the hands of the members of the family of Raja Narayan Singh in Bihar. The eminent singer and artist of Repute, Isaraj is the gift of this district. Fifty two bighas of the pond of the king, Bhairwendra of Umaga of the 6th century, the well, standing on the Rani Ghat hill, the Bawan temple on the mountain are the symbolic of our prowess and self-respect. The ruins of Maa Satyachandi, Satavahini, Sita, Thapa, Hariyahi Dame on the river, Batane, the forts of Deo, Kara Nawab, various buildings and ancient temples are available even today in this district. The small village Deokund is also associated with an interesting mythological relevance. According to Hindu mythology, once Lord Vishwakarma was asked to make three temples in one night. He did so. These three temples were identical in design and incorporated a small pond.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Aurangabad district, Bihar has a population of 2,511,243, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 172nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 760 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,000/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 24.75%. Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.77%. This gives it a ranking of 172nd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 760 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,000/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 24.75%. Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.77%.

Education institution

Without education, there remains to be no difference between man and animal, though animals and other creatures have anticipation of future events. From time immemorial, the art and education of Aurangabad has achieved the glory of being the centre of culture. Pratikutdheyanam Nagaram “ is that very Peeru village of the Aurangabad district where the composer of the world –famous book, “Qadambari “ Banbhatt ever lived. Whether it may be the medieval Gurukul System or the educational institutions of Mughal and British Rule, their presence has been constantly in vogue in this district. Even to- day, we can see the Sanskrit School and Madarsa established in 1914–15 in function, which present a unique example of communal harmony, adorning themselves at the same place. The Gait High School, now known as Anugrah Inter School, Aurangabad established in 1917 was the only High School of the whole Aurangabad Subdivision of that time. In the decade of 1930 High Schools were established in the headquarters of 03-04 police - satations. Sachidanand Sinha Middle School eatablished in 1944 has achieved the glory of being the first college of the Magadh University. Prior to the very achievement of independence, various Primary and Middle Schools had been bearing the obligations of imparting education in this district. Various Primary, Middle and Basic Schools were established in this district under E.I.P. started in 1955. All Primary and Middle Schools conducted by various administrative units from 1917 to 1975 were taken over and nationalized. Operation Black Board was started aiming at qualitative reform of education in 1986–88. Under this scheme, educational materials, Audio-visual materials were supplied. Under the eighth financial planning one by one teachers’ residence and latrines ware built for several schools.” School Chalo Abhiyan “was conducted with a view to hundred percent admission under the universalization scheme of education in 1992, in which hopeful success was achieved with a view to connect the guardians with the educational institutions and bring about qualitative changes in the work–system of schools in 2000. At present district public Education officer is in function for the educational task in the district who was the in charge of the informal education system prior to this as stated above. School education system is also in its formation in addition to the headmaster of the school on primary school level, which is considered to be a fine achievement in the field of universalisation. Educational institutions:-Various educational institutions have been shown by the following table - Literacy rate:- In order to achieve the objectives of total literacy, original works have been done in this district. For adult literacy in the district, adult literacy programme was started in the year 1981–82, which ran till 1991–92. For the achievement of this very goal, the India government gave acceptance to the total literacy programme in the district in 1993. This programme has fully contributed to add to the rate of literacy. As per 2001 census, the number of literate persons in the Aurangabad district is 11,52,852 (57.50 percent), among which there are 7,45,641 (71.00 percent) Males and 4,07,453 (42.09 percent) females. After the census of 1981, persons of seven years or more than that began to be placed in the category of literacy and illiteracy. On the basis of 2001 census, the position of the district is fifth in relation to literacy in comparison to the total population of Bihar. On the Basis of calculation, there has been felt the proportion of a literate female for every two literate males. In proportion to the year 1991 there has been 10 percent increase in the literacy rate of the state, which is still fewer in proportion to the All India average rate 65.38 percent. In proportion to the average literacy rate 47.53 percent of the state, the literacy rate of district is more.

History

There is a Sun temple of konark style in the district .It is said that this temple was founded by Raja Ayel .Who was a Tretayugi King. He was also an ascendant of Lord Sri Rama .The old statue of the Sun was broken by Mogul rulers during their regime . The statue of trikal Surya has been established. The People of this region pay oblation to him especially on Sunday; Suryashasthi of month Chaitra, during the Adra Nakchhatra and on Suryashasthi of month of Kartik of Hindu Calendar .There is also a Suryakund in the south of temple where people pay Ardha to the setting and rising Sun. People of this district and nearby districts treat Sun god as PRATYACHHA DEVTA (Visible God), From whom we human being and all creatures get power .There is myth ( Folk tale) that the descendent of Maharana Pratap. Raja Fateh Narayan Singh, who was a leper, came here in course of hunting to quench the thirst of his horse, he fell in that “kund” (Pond) .It is said that he became cure of it . His disease of leprosy disappeared. There is also a folk tale that Lord Brahma Started to construct three temples in this region in a single night. Two of them, the temples of Deo and Umga were completed, but third one of Devkund could not be completed, because it became morning, and the crow began to speak .The hill of Umga is full of temples, where so many statues of different gods and goddesses are scattered. In these days, this district has become the antique paradise of smugglers. They steal the valuable idols from this region and sell abroad at fantastic price.

Notable people

During the prehistoric days, So many Saints had spent their days here. Natural beauty of this district had always attracted them. Names of Bhrigu and Chyawan are above mentioned. From among the, Muslim Saints the significant names include (I) Shah Sadruddin Sufi, who came here during 1200 AD from Syria (ii) Syed Mohammad Alkadari Bagdadi, who came here in year 1446 along with his 40 followers and (iii) Shah Jalaluddin Kabir Panipati and (iv) Mohammad Syeed Syalkoti also left there footprints in this area. All of them had some miraculous powers. They served the general mass in their own ways. Syed Mohammad Alkadari Bagdadi was buried at Amjhar Sharif and Md. Sayeed Syalkoti was buried at village Sihuli. Both of them are the pillars of religious harmony among the Hindus and the Muslims. Muslims pay offerings to them on date of their Urs. Hindus pay offering during the Navaratra of Chaitra and Navaratras of Ashwin month of Hindu calendar. These Saints throw light on merits of religions, which became torchlight for expansion of literacy among the general mass. Name of Raja Narayan Singh stands amongst it the foremost freedom fighters of 1857. He was not only a warrior, but a great patron of culture also. He gave patronage to the classical musicians. These musicians are by caste Brahmin, but in these days, people call them Biritiya. Some of them are well known among the musician of our country, even to-day also. Some Begali families remained here from the beginning of the 20th century. They also remained too much helpful to the freedom fighters to give inspiration and showed ways for struggle. Among those land lords of Kunda, Hansauli and Sunderganj were on the top. Name of Sri Purbi Chandra Mukherjee and Manik Chand Bhattarcharjee, cannot be forgotten. Both of them were Head masters of Gate High School. During their regime, Gate High School became a premier institution of our state. Mr. Manik Chand Bhattacharjee was a scholar who inspired to fight against the evils prevailing in the society. He also gave patronage to his disciples from the displeasures of British officers. British officers posted here in those days were afraid of facing them. He remained source of inspiration for so many students who remained on top of glory, and served here as well as abroad. All most all lawyers of Aurangabad either an advocate or a Mukhatar participated in freedom struggle directly or indirectly paying their patronage and financial assistance. Among those names of Sarvashree Ramesh Prasad Singh, Saryu Prasad Singh and Priyabarat Narayan Singh, Advocates are on the top. They remained Member of Parliament and Legislative assembly. Among the Mokhtiars the names of Sarvashree Jivaratan Prasad Singh, Ram Janam Singh, Triveni Singh, Ravneshwar Prasad Singh, Janardan Prasad and Saryu Singh are on the top. The lawyers of both bar association remained in the front line of social work of any nature. Bihar Bibhuti late Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh and his son Sri Satyendra Narayan Singh were also initially lawyers. Both of them practiced as a lawyer in Hon’ble High Court. Late Anugrah Babu served our State as 1st Deputy Chief Minister and Satyendra Narayan Singh as Education Minister and later on as Chief Minister of our State for a long time. Names of late Kamta Singh ‘Quam’ and his son Shankar Dayal Singh cannot be forgotten. Both of them were not only a political personality, but they served the Hindi literature also. Sri ‘Quam’ founded a publishing house, namely “Parijat Prakashan” at State Capital which remained pilgrimage of Hindi writers for a long time. Sri Shankar Dayal Singh had organized Kavi Sammellan on each birth day of Sri ‘Kam’ yearly at India level, in which almost all poets of our country used to participate. Dr Lalita Prasad Sinha(1921-1987) was a very famous doctor of this district. He was also a very popular amateur dramatist, whose enactment of Loha Singh was eagerly awaited by the local public. He was the person behind 'Natya parishad' who pioneered the drama culture of the district. Late Shri Ram Naresh Singh still remains a fatherly figure for Aurangabad. He was a politician true to his heart and his people. He emerged victorious in the 1977, 1978, 1985 and 1990.His son sushil singh is the present member of parliament from aurangabad. Dr.prakash Chandra social activist and businessman from Daudnagar. Mrityunjay Kumar(MACHALIA BABA)from ibrahimpur and Prasun Udit from karma road are the young faces of the district.

Sub Divisions

Aurangabad District comprises following Subdivisions: Aurangabad, Daud Nagar

Blocks: Madanpur, Kutumbba, Daudnagar, Aurangabad, Barun, Obra, Deo, Nabinagar, Haspura, Goh and Rafiganj

Tourist Attractions

Aurangabad district in Bihar is home to myriad tourist attractions. Magnificent temples, historical places and Islamic pilgrimage centers are located in the district. Excellent connectivity via road and efficient means of local transport has boosted up tourism in Aurangabad. As a result, the number of tourists visiting the place has increased considerably. Touring around the district will be a pleasant experience from October to March, which is considered the best time to visit Aurangabad.

Deo: Located 10-km to the southeast of Aurangabad, Deo is home to the well-known Sun temple. The 15th century old temple is believed to be built by Bhairvendra Sing, a Chandravanshi king of Umga. It is a 100-ft tall structure, with an umbrella-like top. The important custom of worshipping the Sun God and taking bath in its Brahma Kund dates back to the era of King Ayel. Every year, during Chhath festival, thousands of pilgrims gather in the premises of the temple to worship the Sun God.

Deo Kund : Deo Kund is an important historic place that forms one of the major tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Situated 10 km to the southeast of the border of Aurangabad and Jehanabad, Deo Kund houses an ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Thousands of worshippers visit this temple during Shivratri. As per a legend connected to Deo Kund, Chyawan Rishi took shelter in this temple.

Umga : Umga is one of the famous tourist attractions in Aurangabad. Located 24-km to the east of the city, the pilgrim center houses a Vaishnava temple. In terms of its architecture, the temple bears resemblance to the Sun temple built at Deo. Square granite blocks are used to built the magnificent Vaishnava temple, which houses the deities of Lord Ganesha, Sun God and Lord Shiva. Archaeologists and historians will definitely find this temple a special place to visit. 

Amjhar Sharif : Amjhar Sharif bears religious significance for being an important Islamic pilgrimage centre of Aurangabad. Located about 10 km away from Panchrukhia, on the Daudnagar-Gaya Road, Amjhar Sharif is abode of an ancient mazaar (grave) of a Muslim saint - Hazrat Saiyadana Mohammad Jilani Amjhari Quadri. Thousands of Muslims visit this pilgrimage center on the anniversary of the great saint, which is held in the first week of June. The holy hair of the saint is put on display on the occassion. 

Pawai, Mali and Chandangadh : Migrants from Rajasthan played a crucial role during the medieval and modern periods of history of Aurangabad. Pawar, Mali and Chandangadh are locations where one can find the remains of old forts, whose princes are said to have come from Rajasthan. A visit to these places will prove to be highly adventurous for enthusiastic archaeologists.

 Piru : Another tourist place in Aurangabad that bears some historical significance is Piru. Known as Pritikoota in the ancient times, it was the birthplace of Banbhatta, a legendary poet and the State Chronicler of King Harshwardhana. 

Siris : Siris, yet another interesting tourist place in Aurangabad, was a pargana during the rule of Sher Shah and the Mughal Empire. Over the passing years, the place became the playground of King Narayan Sing and some unsung heroes of The Revolt of 1857. Siris also houses a mosque, which was built during the rule of Aurangzeb.