Welcome To Banka

Banka is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. The district head quarter of Banka is situated in Banka town. The district has been established on February 21, 1991. Earlier it was the richest and largest Sub-Division of the district Bhagalpur.

Categories

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Culture

Demographics

Education

History

Sub-Divisions

Tourist Attractions

Culture

A famous temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga is located in Jagatpur, Karharia, Kushmaha, Kunauni, Laxmipur Dam, Banka, Babhangama. Every year during Durga Puja, devotees from many parts of India visit this temple. Two temples—Narshimha (one of the incarnations of Vishnu) Temple and Digamber Jain Tirthanakar—are located at the top of a mountain known as Mandar Parbat, which is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) tall and made of a single piece of stone. The management of the Narsimha temple is under a trust. There is also a very old Avantika Nath temple at the bottom of Mandar Parvat. The Avantika Nath Temple Trust, founded by the late Babu Biro Singh of the village of Sabalpur, looks after the temple. Kailash Pathak is the Sevayat of the Avantika Nath temple. A famous temple of Lord SHIVA is in Jethore hill near Chanan river. Literal meaning of Jethore is jyesth means elder Gaur means brother of Deoghar temple. Maa kali mandir in KAMALPUR village is very famous temple. A Mahalakshmi temple is located in front of Paapharni Pond. Recently a Lakshminarayan Temple was built in the center of Paapharni through the contributions of local people. It is managed by a trust headed by Fateh Bahadur Singh of erstwhile Sabalpur state. The district is known for its rich tribal culture and its handicrafts and hand looms. The homemade Khadi and silk of the area are popular. Most of the raw silk cocoon is produced in Katoria; in fact major part of the raw materials required for silk industry in Bhagalpur is supplied from Katoria.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Banka district has a population of 2,029,339, roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 228th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 672 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,740/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 26.14%.[5] Banka has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 60.12%. It has a population of 1,608,773 (as of 2001). There are 1,409,352 Hindus and 190,051 Muslims (11.81%).

Education

In 1945, freedom fighters established Mandar Vidyapith, a Nationalistic university, in Banka to impart Indian education, after the model of Gujarat Vidyapith, Kashi Vidyapith, and Bihar Vidyapith universities. Some famous schools are as follows : R.M.K. High School :Banka SKP Vidya vihar. Rajpur SKP Vidya vihar BANKA P.N.SINGH High School, Telia Laugain B.D Academy Amarpur JNV Shaktinagar Banka R.B Bal Vikas Sansthan, Lahoria, Sadpur, Banka (up to class V) Tribhuwan Academy Govt school panjawara Shri Gandhi High School, Sabalpur B N JHA High School Kamalpur, High School Babhangama, Adwaita Mission High School, Mandar Vidyapith.

History

Banka is the homeland of the revolutionary Satish Prasad Jha, one of seven martyrs [clarification needed] who hoisted the flag of India at the Secretariat building near Patna on 11 August 1942. Jha was born in Kharhara near Dhakamod,.Bhubaneswar Mishra, a noted regional revolutinary from village Faga has contrbuted alot in the freedom movement.He was sentenced life imprisonment for killing many cruel British forces. Banka has been an attractive destination for veteran socialists. Madhu Limaye represented the constituency twice. George Fernandis and Rajnarayan also contested the parliamentary election in this constituency. There were also a number of veteran leaders of the Indian National Congress: Vindhyavasini Devi, MLA ( 1957–1967), Shakuntala Devi ex M.P., ex chief minister of Bihar Chandrashekhar Singh, Chaturbhuj Singh Ex. M.L.A., ex Rajya Sabha MP Kamakhya Prasad Singh, ex MP Manorama Singh, and ex MLA Jai Prakash Mishra. Digvijay Singh (14 November 1955 – 24 June 2010) was an independent who represented Banka in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. Banka played vital role in freedom of India. Digvijay Singh served as a Member of the Parliament of India five times – three times in the Lok Sabha (1998, 1999, 2009) and two times in the Rajya Sabha (1990, 2004). He served as Union Minister of State in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government (1999–2004) and Chandrashekhar Government (1990–1991). He was also a successful sports administrator, having served as President of the National Rifle Association of India since 1999. He was one of the three (George Fernandis, Digvijay Singh, and Nitish Kumar) founding members of the Samta party. Now Jayprakash Yadav is the member of parliament from this constituency.

Sub-Divisions

The district comprises only one sub-division, Banka, which is further divided into eleven blocks: Banka, Amarpur, Shambhuganj, Belhar, Fullidumar, Katoria, Chandan, Baunsi, Barahat, Dhoraiya, Rajoun Out of 11 blocks, 9 are Naxal affected.

Tourist Attractions

Block Amarpur:-     The village amarpur is the headquarter of the development block bearing the same name and is situated  about 19 Kms. away from Banka on Banka Shambhuganj Road. Amarpur is at a distance of 26 Kms from Bhagalpur on Bhagalpur Kajraili Road. According to local tradition, the village was formed by Shah Umar Vajir of Shah Suja, the Governor of Bihar. He rehabilitated the persons who left village Patwai when is was croded by the river Chandan.

Village Asauta:- The village is said to have been established by Maharani Chandarjoti after she left Kharagpur. The Maharani built a Garh ( fort) and a tank at Asauta. She also built a mosque for her son. The ruins of the Garh and mosque still exist.

Village Banhara:-  The village is situated just west of Amarpur. According to local tradition, Shah Suja, who was the governor of Bengal and Bihar during the period of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan, had his headquarter in the village.

 Village Dumrama:-  The village is located at a distance of a 3 Kms from the block Headquarter at Amarpur, on the road to Bhagalpur. Remains of Stupas are believed to indicate the existence of Budhist Monasteries here in the remote past, According to the local tradition, the village was the seat of Khaetauri chiefs, the last of whom was king Debai who had built  fort in the villages surrounded by  moats.

 Jesth Gour Math:-  The place is situated on the left bank of the river Chandan, 2 kms east of Amarpur – Banka Road it is considered to be a place of great religious importance for the Hindus. The Jesth Gour Sthan is a Shivatemple at the foot of a hillock on the western bank of river Chandan. On the top of the hillock which is known as Jesth Gour Pahar, there is a temple of Kali and also an ancient well. A large fair is held around the temple on the occasion of Shivratri.

Block Bausi:-  It is about 5 Kms north of Bausi. The hill is about 700 Ft high. This hill is extremely sacred in the  Hindu Mythology. The Skand Puran records the history of the famous Amrit Manthan ( the churning of the ocean ). Due to this mythical association, the hill has assumed considerable religious significance and had been a place of pilgrimage up till now.

Papharni :- At the foot of the hill there is a tank called Papharni. From the vicinity of the tank three routes lead to the top of the hill. At the foot of the hill there are also a number of dilapidated, temples. In the middle of Papharni Tank, Mahavishnu, Mahalaxmi marvelous temple has been built. Several ruins of temples are present here. On the summit of the hill, two Jain Temples are situated. Large number of Jain Pilgrims come here to worship Lord Basupujya. It is believed that this place is Nirvan Bhumi of Basupujya. On the hill there many kunds ( Small Tank ). The depth of   the kund Akash Ganga and Sankh Kund in fine. Sita Kund among these is famous. Sinta Kund has been named after goddess Sita as she is believed to have taken bath here .

 Lakshdeepa Temple:-  The ruins of the temple is even present in the foot of the hill. In the past 1 lakh deep ( Candle ) was used to light here. One candle ( Deep ) was brought from every house. The area was well Known as Balisha at that time. According to Balisha Purans this was "Sidh Peeth of Lord Shiva". On the Top to the hill is a large temple. In this temple Lord Ram had himself established Lord Madhusudan. The present large temple was constructed during Jahangir Period.  A temple called Nath Temple is in the foot which guides to understands Nath Communitity. There is also a Vidyapeeth where people from distant places come to study. A large fair is held on 14th January every year for 10 days at Bausi on the eve of Makar Sankranti.

 Block Sambhugunj:-  Village Chutiya:- The village is about 8 Kms away from the headquarters at Sambhuganj. There is a hill in the village containing a temple of Chuteshwar Nath. There is a large cave in the hill. Traces of marks left by chariot wheels of stones are said to indicate that a big battle was fought here in the remote past.

 Village Gouripur:- This is another village about 3 kms away from village Asauta in Sambhuganj Block. A Shiv temple constructed by Maharani Chandarjoti of Kharakpur lies in this village.

   

 

Block Dhuraiya:- The village is located at a distance of about 10 kms from Tekari Railway Station in Dhuraiya Block. It is noted for its Shiv Temple. A large fair is held on the occasion of Shivratri.

 

Block Katoriya:- Village Indrabaran:- The village is situated at distance of Block headquarters at Katoriaya on Katoriya- Deoghar Road. It has rest houses (Dharmshalas) for pilgrims who travel on foot in large number from Sultangunj to Deoghar.

Village Lachhmipur:-The village is situated about 29 kms South- East of Block headquaters at Katoria on the river Chandan. It is  noted as the erstwhile seat of the Rajas Lachhimipur, ruins of whose forts still exist.

Block Rajoun:-

Village Rupsa:- It is an ancient village in Rajoun block, situated about 6 kms west of Bhagalpur –Dumka Road on the eastern bank of the river Chandan. the village has ancient temples of goddesses Kali and Durga, where large fairs are held on the occasion of Kali Puja and Durga Puja.

 Shravani Mela:-  In the month of Shravan ( July – Aug ) Pilgrims ( Kamaria ) travel from Sultanganj to Deoghar on foot carrying Ganga Jal (water from the Ganga river) to offer on Lord Shiva. The Distance is 105 Kms of which 64 Kms lie under Banka District of three Blocks, Belhar, Katoria and Chandan. The Scene on the road is like a fair for one month..