Welcome To Barmer

Barmer is a district of western Rajasthan state, India. Barmer is the second largest district of Rajasthan. District headquarters is in the town of Barmer. The other major towns in the district are: Balotra, Guda Malani, Baytoo, Siwana, Jasol and Chohatan. Recently, a large onshore oil field has been discovered and made functional in Barmer district. The name Barmer is derived from the ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar) who is said to have founded the town in the 13th century, when it was named Bahadamer ("The Hill Fort of Bahada").

Categories

These information has been added here..

Culture

Demographics

geography

History

Tourist Attractions

Culture

Barmer district is part of the Great Indian Desert or Thar Desert. Like all other districts in the desert region, Barmer is known for its folk music and dance. The Bhopas (priest singers) are found in Barmer, who compose music in honour of the deities of the region and its war heroes. The other folk musicians come from a community called the Muslim Dholis (drummers) for most of whom this is the only means of livelihood. Langas and Manganiars are the some of these communities. Barmer is known for its carved wooden furniture and hand block printing industry.[citation needed] The village folk have developed their desert life and their own decorative skills. The villagers have some of the most beautiful mud huts that are decorated with delicate folk motifs. Jasol, Juna Burmer, Khed, Kiradu, Mallonath Fair (cattle fair), Meva Nagar (Nakoda), Bheemgoda, Aashotara's, Indroi,Biratra Maata temple, Chouhtan [Chouhtan is famous for a special fair named as Sai's jog or a fair belong to Sanyashi (Saint), this fair is very special because it is not organized every year in spite of that it is organized one time in a couple of years according to Nakshatras], temple Kanana (sheetla fair) Neemari, Nagneshi mata temple (nagana) are the prime attractions of the district. Tilwara cattle fair is a popular fair visited by thousands of tourists every year. People speak mostly the Rajasthani Language, while Hindi is the official language here. English is a second or third language for many in the district, both for education and in developing tourism.

Demographics

As per census of the 2011 India, District Barmer had population of 2,603,751 of which male and female were 1,369,022 and 1,234,729 respectively. The population of 0-6year age range is 22% proportion to total population of district. Barmer had an average literacy rate of 56.53%, for gender wise 70% of the males and 40% of females literate.

geography

Barmer is located in the western part of the state forming a part of the Thar Desert. The district borders Jaisalmer district in the north, Jalore district in the south, Pali district and Jodhpur district in the east, and Pakistan in the west. The total area of the district is 28,387 square kilometres (10,960 sq mi).The district is located between 24,58' to 26, 32'N Latitudes and 70, 05' to 72, 52' E Longitudes. The longest river in the district is the Luni. It is 480 km in length and drain into the Gulf of Kutch passing through Jalore. The variation in temperature in various seasons is quite high. In summers the temperature soars to 46 °C to 51 °C. In winters it drops to 0 °C (41 °F). Primarily Barmer district is a desert where average rainfall in a year is 277 mm. However, extreme rainfall of 549 mm rain between 16 and 25 August 2006 left many dead and huge losses due to flood in a nearby town Kawas and whole town submerged. As many as twenty new lakes formed, with six covering an area of over 10 km². Poorly planned and rapid urbanisation has increased Barmer’s vulnerability to flash flooding. The local ecology and soil type is not equipped to deal with sudden or excessive water accumulation, which causes short- and long-term damage. Other areas suffer the gradual effects of ‘invisible disasters’, which also threaten the lives and livelihoods of the locals.

History

In earlier times, the district was known by the name "Mallinath". Mallinath was the son of Rao Salkha and Mallinath is a God who is still worshiped by Rajputs. The whole area around the river "Luni" was said to have "Malani", derived from the name Mallinath. In the 18th century the name "Barmer" or "Balmer" was adopted by the British rulers of India and is derived from the name of the earlier 13th century ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar), it was named Bahadamer ("The Hill Fort of Bahada").

Tourist Attractions

KIRADU TEMPLE
The Kiradu temples are located at about 35 km from Barmer and 157 km from Jaisalmer in a town situated in Thar desert in the Indian state of Rajasthan.There are five temples in all and most remarkable of them is Someshvara Temple .These temples feature impressive sculpture and a Solanki style of architecture. Kiradu was originally known as Kiradkot. It was ruled by the Kirad clan of Rajputs between the 6th and 8th centuries. In the early period they had been feudal subordinates of the Chalukya of Gujarat and hence the latter's influence is seen in the temples. Traces of the Gupta period are found in the older Bhagwan Shiva temples. A sad story is told of the decline of this place. An ancient sage left behind his disciple to the care of the people of Kiradu, but except for a potter's wife no one carried out the sage's wish. The saint cursed the town but told the potter's wife beforehand to leave and never turn back. Out of curiosity she turned to take one last look at her hometown and was instantly turned to stone. Her statue is still visible in the outskirts of the town.
VANKAL MATA TEMPLE

Barmer is situated at the west end of the city on a 675 feet high hill, the ancient citadel of the 16th century ( fortress ), which was called Barmer citadel , whose remains still exist. Ancient goddess of the temple on the hill Vankal mother is a major venue for religious faith. Panorama of Barmer Devi temple premises of religious faith , the surrounding mountain ranges , plains and picturesque valleys are visible . Ancient goddess of the temple on the hill Vankal mother is a major venue for religious faith. Nagnechi Devi temple on the hill stepped paths principal place of ancient and power worshipers .

SHRI PARSHWANATH JAIN TEMPLE
Shri Parshwanath Jain temple was originally a temple of Mahavira. This temple was renovated in the fifteenth century. 120 idols were brought here from Kalidrah and this beautiful and miraculous idol was installed here as Mulnayak (main idol of the temple) in the year 1429 of the Vikram era (1373 AD). It is among the hills in the distant forest at a distance of 13 kilometers from Balotra. The nearest railway station on Jodhpur-Samadari-Barmer section of North Western Railway is at a distance of 12 kilometers from this temple. Bus service, and private vehicles from every tirth in Rajasthan to this place are available. In the compound of the temple there is a Dhramshala (rest-house) with excellent lodging facilities. The other important town nearby is Jasol at distance of 5 km. There are regular buses from Jalore, Bhinmal, Sirohi, Jodhpur, Balotra, Barmer, Udaipur and Jaisalmer to Nakoda.
SHIVA MAHADEV TEMPLE MUNDI
The ancient Shiv temple situated at the picturesque hill in the western part of barmer city and it is a delightful and religious site. From the high hill, the panoramic view of the city, sunset view and natural beauty appeared to be worth to visit.
MAHABAR SAND DUNES
Mahabar Sand Dunes are about 5 km away from Barmer which is a sandy site and famous for sunrise and sunset viewing. The general aspect of the area is that of an interminable sea of sand hills. One can enjoy camel ride at this attractive site.