Welcome To Bhojpur

The present Bhojpur came into existence in 1992. Earlier this district was part of old Sahabad district. In the year 1972 Sahabad district was bifurcated in two parts namely Bhojpur and Rohtas. Buxar was a subdivision of old Bhojpur district. In 1992, Buxar became a separate district and rest of Bhojpur district has now three sub-divisions - Ara Sadar,Jagdishpur and Piro. Ara town is the headquarters of the district and also its principal town.

Categories

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Demographics

History

Sub-Divisions

Tourist Attractions

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Bhojpur district, Bihar has a population of 2,720,155,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 145th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,136 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,940/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.27%. Bhojpurhas a sex ratio of 900females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.79%. 30% of the poplulation belongs kushwaha kshatriya community.

History

The present district of Bhojpur came into existence in 1992. Earlier this district was the part of old Shahabad district. In the year 1972 Shahabad district was bifurcated in two parts namely Bhojpur and Rohtas. Buxar was a sub-division of old Bhojpur district. In 1992 Buxar became a separate district and rest of Bhojpur district has now three sub-divisions-Ara Sadar, Jagdishpur and Piro. Ara town is the headquarters of the district and also its principal town. The district is bounded on the north by the district of Saran ( Bihar ) and Balia district of Uttar Pradesh; on the south by the district of Rohtas; on the West by the district of Buxar and on the East by the district of Patna, Jahanabad and Arwal. Bhojpur district has a close linkage with that of its parent district of Shahabad, which had an old and interesting history. In the pre-historic days also there is evidence of the area being inhabited. The 1961 Census report of Shahabad describes the history of the district in following manner. It is said that Ara, the present headquarters of the district derives its name from the Sanskrit word 'ARANYA', which means forest. It suggests that the entire area around modern Ara was heavily forested in old days. According to mythology, sage Vishwamitra, the Guru of RAMA , had his 'Ashram' somewhere in this region. The 1961 Census report also describes the early period of the old Shahabad district which includes the present district of Bhojpur as : "In the old days, Shahabad formed part of the ancient kingdom of Magadh which also contained portions of the present Patna & Gaya district. Though included in the kingdom of Emperor ASHOKA , the general absence of Buddhists' monuments from a greater part of the district suggests that it remained almost immune from the Buddhist influence of the time” "The famous Chinese pilgrim, HIEUN-TSANG, who journeyed through the country in the seventh century A.D., paid a visit to Mo-Ho-Solo in Shahabad. This place has been identified with the present village Masarh, 10 k.m. west of Ara on Ara-Buxar road. The Chinese pilgrim found that the inhabitants were all Brahmins who did not respect the law of Buddha. He, therefore, felt disappointed and did not proceed to any other place in the district." "Not much is known about the history of the district after the fall of Guptas. In all probability it relapsed into the hands of the aboriginal tribes and came under control of petty chieftains. The most dominant people during this period were Cheros. They ruled over the greater portion of the district. Then came the Rajputs from Ujjain in the province of Malwa . Raja Bhoj was their king and the term 'Bhojpur' now applicable to the area is derived from him." The Medieval period history of this district has been described in the following words : "While encamping at Ara in 1529 after his victory over the Afghan rulers, Babar proclaimed his sovereignty over Bihar . In commemoration of this event, the place was called Shahabad, which literally means 'the city of Emperor '. This name was later applied to the Sarkar within which Ara was included and eventually toe entire district." Akbar, after his accession, includes the district of Shahabad in his empire, though the control was not very tight. Akbar's General Man Singh, made efforts to organize the revenue administration of the district on a sound footing. But the local chiefs continued to resist. The Rajas of Jagdishpur and Bhojpur defied the Mughals. The Raja of Bhojpur rebelled against Jahangir. His successor Raja Pratap, was done to death by Shahjahan and the Queen was forced to many a muslim courtier. This finally quietened the Bhojpur family but stray troubles continued till the last days of Mughals. After this the District had a very uneventful history till 1857 when Kunwar Singh revolted against the Britishers in line with the Mutineers.

Sub-Divisions

Bhojpur district comprises 3 Sub-divisions: Ara Sadar, Jagdishpur, Piro

Tourist Attractions

Sun Temple, Tarari: The Dev village of Tarari block has statue of the SUN GOD besides several other deities. These statues are said to be of 14 th century or even before.

Veer Kunwar Singh Qila, Jagdishpur: The great warrior of 1857 belonged to Jagdishpur. His fort is still there to reminds us of the great son of the soil who fought for the freedom till his last.

Maharaja College, Ara: The present Maharaja college premises is an important historical site. There is an entry point of a tunnel that is believed to be connected with the Jagdishpur fort of Kunwar Singh.

Shahi Masjid: This five Gumbad Masjid, the second of its kind in India was constructed by Shahjahan in 1623 AD. This is situated near Aranya Devi temple.Karbala, Masjid of Maulabagh: This Masjid was built around 1817 with Aurangjeb's assistance. It is situated at Maula Bagh muhalla at Ara.

Aranya Devi Temple: This is famous temple of Aranya Devi (Forest Goddess). She is said to be the deity goddess of Ara town . Here one statue is of ADI SAKTI and the second is established by the PANDAVAs. The temple is very old and draws many devotees every day. It is situated at the top of stone boulders.

Chaturvuj Narayan Mandir: This very ancient statue of Laxmi -Narayan is situated at Chaturvuj village of Piro block.

Bhavani Mandir: Chaturvuj Baraon - 13th century statue .

Jagdamba Mandir: Here is an ancient statue of Goddess Jagdamba at Mukundpur village of Charpokhari block.

Parswanath Mandir: It is a century old Jain Temple located at Masadh Village.

Mahamaya Mandir : This temple is at Ekwari village of Sahar block. This was made during Mughal period.

Jain Sidhant Bhawan: It has a such library which contains unique collection of materials related to Jainism.

Paihari Jee Ka Ashram: It is an ashram at Dhrampur village at Sahar block.

Kurwa Shiv: There are some ancient statues related to Banasur. It is situated in Shahpur - Billoti Road.

Venkatesh Mandir: This temple situated at Perhap village has a statue of Southern architectural style.

Shahi Jama Masjid: This Masjid was built by Shershah, which is located at Garhani Bazzar. Renovation work is in progress here.

Lakar Sah Ki Mazar: It is situated at Sahpur, it a famous mazar of a local muslim saint.