Welcome To Buxar

Buxar is a city in the state of Bihar in the eastern part of India bordering eastern Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Buxar District. The word Buxar is said to have been derived from Vyaghrasar. The tiger face of Rishi Vedshira, an outcome of the curse of the sage Rishi Durvasa, was restored after bathing in a holy tank which was later named as Vyaghraar. The town Buxar is located on the bank of river Ganges (Ganga). A road bridge over the Ganga connects Buxar with Ballia District in the neighboring U.P. state.

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Geography

Demographics

History

Tourist Attractions

Geography

Stretching over an area of 1,62,380 hectares. Buxar lies on the border with the neighboring state of Uttar Pradesh. River Ganges (Ganga) forms the border in north and in the west river Karmanasa. The entire strip of land between the river Ganga and stretches in south beyond main line of the Eastern Railways. The land form is low lying alluvial plain of river Ganga and her tributaries- Thora and Karmanasa. The river Karmansa joins the Ganga near Chousa. The region is considered to be the best wheat growing area in the State and India. The climate of the district is moderate. The hot weather begins from the middle of March when hot westerly winds begin to blow during the day. The months of April and May are extremely hot, normally the monsoon sets in by the third week of June and continues with intermission till the end of September. The cold weather begins from the months of November and lasts till the beginning of March, January is the coldest month when the temperature comes down as low as 5 C. From the month of April, till the break of monsoon, the district experiences occasional thunder storms also. Rain sets sometimes in June accompanied by fall in temperature and increase in humidity. The district experiences maximum rain during the months of July and August. There is slight rainfall in October but November and December are quite dry. Due to deforestation, the forest area of this district is very thin. Some common trees of this district are Mango, Seasum, Mahua, Bamboo and some types of long grasses (Jhalas) are found near diara area of the river Ganga. Jhalas grass is mostly used in roat making of kuccha houses. The forest of the district are not rich in their products. Fire wood is the most important among its products. The district had variety of wild animals and game birds when the forest were thick. With the increase in irrigation facilities, the area under cultivation has grown, consequently diminishing the forest. The wild animals have suffered in the process and their number has gone down very considerably. Neelgain, spotted deer are found in the plains and near the bank of the Ganga. A considerable number of monkeys are also found in the Buxar Town area. Birds of different types like parrots, patridges, and quail are also found in the district.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Buxar district has a population of 1,707,643, roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia or the US state of Nebraska. This gives it a ranking of 285th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,003 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,600/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.77%.Buxar has a sex ratio of 922females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.77%.

History

According to mythology, sage Vishwamitra the family guru of Lord Rama and eighty thousand saints, had their sacred ashram at the banks of holy river Ganges that reside inside the modern District Buxar. He was disturbed in the yagna (sacrificial offering) by the demons. The place where due killing of the famous Rakshasi (demoness) Tadika by Lord Rama, is said to fall within the present Buxar town area. Besides, Lord Rama and his younger brother Laxman took their teachings at Buxar. It is also said that Ahilya, the wife of Gautam Rishi restored her human body from that of stone and got salvation by a mere touch of the feet of Lord Rama. This place is presently known as Ahirauli and is situated six kilometers away from the Buxar town. The Kanwaldah Pokhara also known as VyaghraSar is a tourist spot now a days. Ancient Significance of Buxar is mentioned in ancient epics like Brahamana Purana and Varah Purana. During the Mughal period, the historic battle between Humayun and Sher Shah was fought at Chousa in 1539 A.D. The British forces under Sir Heoter Munro defeated the Muslim army of Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-Daulah and Shah Alam-II on 23rd June 1764 on the grounds of Katkauli situated at about 6 kilometers from Buxar town. The stone memorial erected by Britishers at Katkauli bears testament to the fight even today.

Tourist Attractions

Buxar with its rich historical heritage is a must visit destination in Bihar. The city with an ancient history have a few very famous historic places one would always love to visit and feel the vibes and presence of historic past in those places. Pleasant free flowing Ganga river further add to the charm of this place in Bihar.

Shri Nath Baba Mandir

Shri Adinath Akhara, Shri Nath Ashram, popularly known as Shri Nath Baba Mandir was initially constructed by Shri Rama Prasad(Munim Ji) in 1944 (later re-constructed by Shri Nath Baba ji) is situated just 1.5 km from Buxar railway station in the beautiful surroundings of nature at the confluence of the Ganga and Sone canal. Siddhashrm is a very ancient name of Charitravan. It is mentioned as a great pilgrimage in ancient Hindu scriptures like Shrimad Valmiki Ramayana, Shiva Purana, Vishnu Purana, Narada Purana and Agni Purana, etc. Here, Chaurasi (Eighty-four) Navnath Siddhas spent long term of penance. This has been authenticated by disc bearing statues found in excavation here. Shri Adinath Akhara is a centre of spiritual energy and Shiva devotion located along with renowned Saivite benches as Someshwaranath, Rameshwarnath, Gauri Shankar Mandir, Narmadeshwarnath, Brahmeshwarnath, Panchmukhi Shiv Mandir, etc. Although Shri Adinath Akhara is the eternal pilgrim, but at present, its re-emergence was initiated by Shri Adinath Peethadheeshwar, Shri Trilokinathjee Maharaj (Shri Nath Baba jee) in 1964. A magnificent temple was constructed and in 1967 idols installation and Yajna was conducted. Shri Adinath Akhara was formally inaugurated in Prayag Kumbh in year 1977 by performing Maharudra Yajna. Since then tradition of establishment of the camp, performing Yajna, and Shahi snan at all Kumb locations viz. Prayag, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain is going on continuously. Along with education and cultural services, Shri Aadinath Akhara is promoting Vaidik Sanatan Dharma also. In the temple complex, Bhagwan Shri Adinath, Shri Narmadeshwar Mahadev, Shri Gauri Shankar, Shri Guru Gorakhnath, Shri Durga jee, Shri Navnath Chaurasi Siddha, Shri Seshnath, Shri Ganga jee, Shri Batuk Bhairvnath, Shri Hanuman Jee, Shri Suryadev on a chariot of seven horses are there in magnificent statues. Mahashivaratri, Gurupuarnima and Shravan month celebrations are held in a magnificent and special way. Three other branches of the Sri Adinath Akhara have been established in Haridwar, Delhi and Nashik.

Katkauli Ka Maidan : It is one of the most famous heritage of Buxar. The ground is visited by numberous visitors as well as the local people. Its the same place where the Battle of Buxar was fought in 1764. The ground is located on the outskirts of Buxar on Patna highway. A victory memorial raised by the British bears testimony to the battle.

Sita Ram Upadhaya Museum: The best way to learn about the complete history of Buxar is by visiting Sita Ram Upadhaya Museum. The Museum was made in 1979. It is the house of many archeological pieces, coins, and manuscripts. The terracotta of Mauryan and Shungan dynasty is worth appreciation. The Museum remains close on Mondays and on all special days. Panchkoshi Parikrama : It ia a famous religious place which is supposed to be visited once in a year. The five days ritual is performed in this holy place by halting here for 5 days. During the stay every one is supposed to cook there know very famus litti bhata of Buxar.

The Chausa Hoard : This place is famous for its Chausa Mangoes. It is known to be the first bronze hoard discovered in Ganga valley. It in all consists of 18 jain bronze. This Hoard consists of Dharmachakra which is supported by Yakshis, supported by Makaras, a Kalpvriksha and 16 teerthankaras of Jains.

Buxar Fort: This is one of the historic monument in Buxar. It was made by king Rudra Deo in 1054 A.D. 7/31/2015 Buxar Tourism, Places to Visit in Buxar, Tourist Places in Buxar

Naulakha Mandir: It is of the most beautiful temple in Buxar. The architecture of this temple is enough to catch the eyes and attention of the visiting tourists.

Ahilya Uddhar: It is located at a distance of 3 kms from Buxar. It is famous for the ashram of Rishi Gautam. The place has a significant value in ancient history and has a mention in Ram chritra Manas for Lord Rama freed Devi Ahilya from the curse at this place.

Ram Rekha Ghat : It is a place of high religious importance for the reason that it was once crossed by Lord Rama, and hence its name is dedicated to lord Rama. The Ghat is build over the River Ganga.

Brahameshwar Nath temple : It is a very famous lord Shiva Temple and is located at a distance of 30 kms from Buxar. People come here to offer special prayers to Lord Shiva. A large crowd could be seen on Mahashivratri.

Nath Baba Temple: It is located on river Gangain Charitravan. Apart from being a holy place it is a perfect place to hangout with friends and family.

Raja Bhoj Fort: Raja Bhoj Fort was built by Raja Bhoj. It is a famous historical monument in district Buxar. Bihariji temple: It is a very beautiful temple dedicated to Lord Krishna.

Siddhashram: It is that the holy place where Rishi Vishwamitra along with 80000 other saints reside. Lord Rama and Laxma killed demons Mareech and Subahu here only.