Welcome To Churu

Churu is a city in the desert region of Rajasthan state of India. It is known as gateway to the Thar Desert of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters of Churu District. It lies in the Thar Desert on the National Highway-65 connecting Pali to Ambala and is a junction station on the railway line to Bikaner. It is near the shifting sand dunes of the Thar Desert and has grand havelis with marvelous fresco paintings, namely Kanhaiya lal Bagla ki Haweli and Surana Haweli, with hundreds of small windows. It also has some fine Chhatris. Near the town is a religious seat of the Nath sect of Sadhus where there are life-size Marble statue of their deities and a place for prayers. There stands a Dharam Stup, a symbol of religious equality. At the centre of the town is a fort built about 400 years ago.

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Demographics

geography

History

Tourist Attractions

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Churu had a population of 97,627. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Churu has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72% and, female literacy is 51%. In Churu, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Churu in 2011 is 119,846; of which male and female are 61,771 and 58,075 respectively. Although Churu city has population of 119,846; its urban / metropolitan population is 120,147 of which 61,936 are males and 58,211 are females. 

geography

Churu is located at 28.30°N 74.95°E. It has an average elevation of 292 m (958 ft).Churu is a district with an enchanting topography amidst the Thar Desert. The Churu City is encircled by large shifting sand dunes. The area is scanty in vegetation. Phoge and Kair bushes and Khejri/Khejra (Prosopis cineraria), Royara and Babul trees are to be mainly found on the sand dunes. In the towns Neem and Peepal and Siras trees can also be noticed. One can find Sand dunes all over the area with a couple of small limestone hills. The region boasts record temperatures ranging from below freezing point in the winters to over 50 degrees in the summer afternoons. Before dawn in the months of December/ January one may not be surprised to notice ice in small waterpots or frozen water dews on the little vegetation. Yet one may find that summer nights are cooler and winter days are warmer. There is a great variation in minimum and the maximum temperature of Churu.

 

History

Founded in A.D. 1620 by Jat ruler Churu and the place was named Churu after his name in the Jangladesh region of the state. It was subsequently ruled by Rathore Rajputs and during war of 1871 the area came under dominance of Bikaner. Churu, like an oasis, situated in the middle of the shifting golden sand dunes, opens the gate to the great desert of Thar. Geographically, it lies in 28°18′N latitude and 74°58′E longitude. Administratively, it is the headquarters of the Churu District., The temples of Salasar Balaji & Babosa Maharaj Churu, DADREWA the birthplace of GOGA JI and Baba Phoolnath Temple NAWA are situated in the Churu district. Before India's independence in 1947, it was a part of Bikaner State. The district came into existence in 1948 comprising three tehsils Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar when the administration of Bikaner State was reorganized.

 

Tourist Attractions

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary
Black Buck Sanctuary Tal Chhapar Located in Churu district, the Talchhapar Sanctuary is known for its rare black-buck. Apart from the black-buck, some of the other wild animals spotted here are jungle cat, chinkara and varied species of migratory birds. This sanctuary is located at a distance of 85 kilometers from Churu.
Salasar Balaji
Balaji Temple is one the famous religious spots of the district. Two fairs are organized in this temple in the month of April. Salasar is located on National Highway No. 65 of Sujangarh in the district of Churu.
Kothari and Surana Haveli
Oswal Jain merchant families constructed these beautiful painted havelis. Malji's Haveli made by Malaji Kothari is the most popular haveli. Another famous haveli is the Surana Double Haveli. This haveli has about 111 windows and doors.