Welcome To Darbhanga

Darbhanga is a municipal corporation and the town of old Darbhanga Raj and present headquarters of  Darbhanga district and Darbhanga Division in the state of Bihar, India. Darbhanga is 5th largest city of Bihar & has been developing rapidly. It is one of the most important district and big city of north Bihar situated in the very heart of Mithilanchal.Darbhanga is also the headquarters of Darbhanga division.According to the latest 2011 census, the total population of the district is 3,921,971, of which about 91.30% live in rural areas. Here 5,11,125 people are scheduled castes, while  only 841 people are scheduled tribes; together, they account for 15.53% of the total population. The total male population is 2,053,043, while the female population being 1,868,928

Categories

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Culture

Demographics

Geography

History

Sub-Divisions

Tourist Attractions

Culture

Darbhanga is also known as cultural capital of Bihar, This district is known for its rich tradition of folk art form, Mithila painting. Traditional folk drama styles of Mithila region are also very popular in this district. Most prominent among them are Nautanki, Natua Nach and Sama Chakeva, Madhushrawani (new Bridegrooms). The civilian of this district commonly communicate in maithili. The population is strongly trust in their different religion and cast. There are many famous temples among the district, some are Shyama Mandir (Darbhanga Raj), Tara Mandir(Darbhanga Raj), Hanuman Mandir (Laheraisarai), Malechchmardini Mandir (Darbhanga city), Ahilya Sthan Mandir(Near Kamtaul, Chahuta), Kusheshwar Sthan mandir (This is a Shivalay), Videshawarsthan (also a shivalaya), Singheshwar Sthan (Shivalaya), Historical Mahadev Mandir (Deokuli Village also known as Shiv Gaon), Sidhdha Vidyapeetha Tara Sthan (Navtol village near Ghanshyampur Block), Historical Mahadev Mandir (Hafidwar village near Navtol village), Durga sathan (Nwada village) and many more. A number of fairs and melas are organised in various parts of the district. The Kartik Purnima mela, Dussehra mela, Janmashtami mela and Divali mela are most popular among them. Mela for bride can be seen in "Sauratha Sabha" where marriages are settled . Two of the artistic groups of this district are Mithila Chetna Parishad and Adarsh Kala Manch. Mithila Chetna Parishad is a professionally managed conglomerate of artistic activities of Mithila region. They also conduct stage shows all over India and abroad to spread the ethos of Maithili art and culture. Adarsh Kala Manch, Madanpur (in Bahadurpur Block) is run by a group of amateur artists and activists of the villages in this region. This group is immensely popular due to the depth and style of presentation of local Maithili Natak (based on religious and social themes). However off late, the scarcity of funds has forced this club to reduce its activities and limit it within the village during Festivals like Chhat and Chitragupt Puja.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Darbhanga district has a population of 3,921,971, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 64th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,721 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,460/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19%. Darbhanga has a sex ratio of 910 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.26%. Population of this district as per 2011 census is 3,985,493 of which rural population is 3,018,639 and urban population is 306,089. According to the Census of India 2011, literacy rate of the district is 44.32% (male 57.18%, female 30.35%). As per 1991 census, the district has 19,55,068 Hindus, 5,55,429 Muslim, 141 Christians, 198 Sikhs, 26 Buddhists and 27 Jains.according to census 2001 Muslim covers total of 22% of population of darbhanga. The main language spoken in this district is Maithili. Other languages spoken are Hindi and Urdu. The number of residents, able to converse in English is continuously increasing.

Geography

Darbhanga district occupies an area of 2,279 square kilometres (880 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Yapen Island.The district has a vast alluvial plain devoid of any hills. There is a gentle slope from north to south with a depression on the centre. The District can be divided into four natural divisions. The eastern part consists of Ghanshyampur, Biraul and Kusheshwarsthan blocks. This part contains fresh silt deposited by the Kosi River. This region was under the influence of Kosi floods till the construction of Kosi embankment during the Second Five Year Plan. It contains large tracts of sandy land covered with wild marshes. The second part comprises the regions lying south of the Burhi Gandak River and is the most fertile area in the district. It is at a higher level than the other parts of the district and contains very few marshlands. This part is well suited to the rabi crops. The third natural region is the doab between the rivers, Burhi Gandak and Baghmati and consists of low-lying areas dotted over by marshes. This region gets flooded almost every year. The fourth division consists the Sadar sub-division of the district. This region is watered by numerous streams and contains some uplands.

Rivers: Though numerous rivers originating in the Himalayas water this district, it has four major river systems, the Baghmati, the little Baghmati, the Kamla and the Tiljuga. The Bagmati, enters this district from Muzaffarpur district, forms a natural boundary between the district and Samastipur district and pursues a southeasterly course till it joins the Burhi Gandak River near Rosera. The little Bagmati enters the district from Madhubani district near Pali and turns past Darbhanga town down to Hayaghat, where it joins the Baghmati proper. The Kamla River enters the district at Singar Pandaul, and flowing east of Darbhanga town, joins the Tiljuga at the southeastern corner of Rosera block. The Tiljuga skirts the eastern boundary of the district. Several ponds are famous in this district and know for their historic background.One of the pond name Moora Pokhair situated in the gram Kurson,Tardih Block is famous for seven human heads had been drawn by the Jameendar of that region Named Nehal Singh Choudhary in early 1700.

Climate: The climate of this district is dry. There are three well-marked seasons in this district, the winter, the summer & the rainy season. The winter season starts in November and continues till February, though March is also pleasant. Westerly winds begin to blow in the second half of March and temperature rises considerably. May is the hottest month when the temperature goes up to 47°C. Rain sets in towards the middle of June. With the advent of the rainy season, temperature drops but humidity rises. The moist heat of the rainy season is very oppressive till August. The rain continues till the middle of October. Average annual rainfall of this district is 1142.3 mm. Around 92% of the total rainfall is received during monsoon months.

History

History of Darbhanga District in Bihar dates back to the Ramayana and Mahabharata periods. According to the Vedic sources, the Videhas of Aryan stock first migrated to the area from the banks of Saraswati in Punjab. They were guided to the east of Budhi Gandak River by Lord Agni, God of Fire. Settlements were established and, thus, flourished the kingdom of Videhas. In course of time, the Janaks ruled Videhas. In this line of kings there was a very famous king named Mithi. To commemorate his greatness the territory was named as Mithila. Another famous king was Janak Sirdhwaja. Traditions also speak of Kapila Muni's relationship with this area that propounded the Sankhya philosophy. Association of this area with Pandavas is also evident by the belief that they stayed here during their period of exile. Further, according to the history of Darbhanga District, the name of the district has been derived from its headquarters and principal town, which is said to have been founded by Darbhangi Khan. It is also said that the name Darbhanga was derived from Dwar-Banga or Dar-e-Bang meaning 'The Gateway to Bengal'. Under the British rule, Darbhanga was initially a division of Sarkar Tirhut till it was constituted into a separate district in the year 1875. The sub-divisions of this district were formed as earlier as Darbhanga Sadar in the year 1845, Madhubani in the year 1846 and Samastipur in the year 1867. Moreover, it also states that Darbhanga was a part of Patna Division till the 1908, when the separate Tirhut Division was formed. Darbhanga was made the divisional headquarters in the year 1972 when all the three sub-divisions got the position of independent districts. Thus, in this way Darbhanga District took its present shape.

Sub-Divisions

Darbhanga district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Darbhanga Sadar,Benipur and Biraul

Further divided into 18 blocks. The blocks are Darbhanga, Jale, Singhwara, Keoti, Manigachhi, Tardih (newly formed divided from manigachi block ), Alinagar, Benipur,Ashapur, Behera, Basuham, Bahadurpur, Hanuman Nagar, Hayaghat, Baheri, Biraul, Ghanshyampur, Kiratpur, Gaura Bauram, Kusheswarasthan, and Kusheswarasthan East. This district has 329 Panchayats, 1269 villages & 23 Police Stations. Some of the villages are Habibhouar,Hariharpur, Pindaruch, Devkuli Dham, Paithan Kabai, Baqui pur, Maheshpatti, Kaligaon, Kansi, Pandaol, Panchobh, Rajarouly-Rampur rouly,Balbhadrapur, Gobindpur, Dharar, Koilakh, Karaj, Nehra, Sahora, Kabilpur, Bahadurpur, Anandpur, Shri Rampur, Deokuli, Rambhadrapur, Ughara, Patore, Ghanshyampur (famous for Higher cadre services ),Rasiari,Galma Mohanpur, Kamtol, Kothram, Dodhiya, Balha, Dheruk, Mahinam, Pohaddi, Sakhwar(famous for Mandan Mishra ), Tatuar, Antaur,Aundauly (famous for milk production by surender kumar jha) Muraitha, Kathra, lahta, Tumaul, Nawada, Ghonghia (famous for Makhana ), Beloune, Makrampur, Putai, Dadpatti,kasrour, Kurson Nadiyami, Thengha,Basant,better known as Kharka Basant near Jale. There are one Lok Sabha and 10 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district. Manigachhi, Bahera, Darbhanga Rural (SC), Darbhanga, Keoti and Hayaghat Vidhan Sabha constituencies are part of the lone Lok Sabha constituency of this district, Darbhanga. Jale Vidhan Sabha constituency is part of Madhubani Lok Sabha constituency while Ghanshyampur, Baheri and Singhia Vidhan Sabha constituencies are part of Rosera Lok Sabha constituency (only a part of Singhia Vidhan Sabha constituency is within this district).

Tourist Attractions

Ahilya Asthan : It is famous historical temple, situated about 3 Kms. South of Kamtaul Railway Station in Jale Block. This place is known as Ahilya gram. There is a well known in the Ramayan about Ahilya. According to Ramayan when Lord Ram was his way to Janakpur his feet touched a stone and it turned into a woman who was non-else but Ahilya. Her husband Gautam Rishi cursed the Ahilya to fun into stone. The temple is dedicated to Ahalya, wife of Gautam Rishi. Large fairs are held every year on the occasion of Ramnavami in the Hindi month of Chaitra and Vivah Panchami in Agrahayan. There are various other temples and mosques in the village.

Brahmpur: The village is situated about 8 kms. away from Kamtaul and 19 kms. south east of Jogiara. The village is noted for the Gautam Kund and a temple of Gautam Rishi, which are located very close to it. According to the Puranic tradition Lord Brahma appeared before Gautam Rishi at this place after the chastity of his wife, Lord Indra and Chandrama had violated Ahalya. The village derives its name from this occurrence. In regard to the Gautam Kund, it is believed that God Brahma himself created the tank by piercing the earth with seven arrows, so that Gautam might not have to travel a long distance for bathing in the Ganga. Kamtaul. The village is a rail head in Jale block. The village has a Khadi Gamodyaog centre and a Khadi store. It is the rail head for visitors to Ahalyasthan and Gautamsthan.

Chhaprar: The village is situated in Bahadurpur block, at a distance of about 10 Kms. from District Headquarter. It has a temple of Lord Mahadeva on the bank of the Kamla River around which fairs are held on the occasion of Kartik and Maghi Purnima. Dekulldham. The village falls in Biraul block and is noted for is large temple of Lord Shiva. Devotees congregate here every Sunday. A large annual fair is held on the occasion of Shivaratri.

Kusheshwar-asthan: It is an important religious place, situated about 16 Kms. east of Singhia and 22 Kms. northeast of Hasanpur Road railway station on the Samastipur, Khagaria Branch line of North Eastern Railway. It is noted for the temple of Lord Shiva known as Kusheshwarasthan. Pligrims visit this place all the year round for worship. The origin of this temple is traced to the epic period. The water logged fourteen villages of Kuseshwarasthan block covering an area of 7019 acres and 75 decimals, due to their greater ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological and natural importance has already been declared as Kuseshwarasthan Bird Sanctuary under Wild Life Protection Act 1972 (as amended upto 1991). The following table shows the names and status of some important migratory birds seen in Kusheshwarasthan Bird Santuary and their native countries.