Welcome To Jamui

Jamui is a city and a municipality in Jamui district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the district headquarters of Jamui district. Jamui was formed as a district on 21 February 1991 as a result of its separation from Munger. Historical existence of Jamui has been observed from the Period of Mahabharta war. Archaeological and historical evidence shows its close association with Jain tradition for a long past to the present time. History of Bihar will remain incomplete without the history of Jamui. There are mainly two hypotheses which have been mentioned by historians regarding the origin of the name of the district Jamui. The first hypothesis said that the name of Jamui derived from “Jambhiya Gram” or “Jribhikgram” village, which has the place of attaining ‘Omniscience’ (Kevala Jnana) of Vardhaman Mahavira and according to another hypothesis the name Jamui is originated from Jambuwani.

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Demographics

Geography

History

Notable people

Tourist Attractions

Demographics

As of 2011 India census, Jamui had a population of 87,357. Males constitute 52.6% of the population and females 47.26%. Jamui has an average literacy rate of 64.33%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 57.39%, and female literacy is 42.6%. In Jamui, 16.22% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography

Jamui is located at 24.92°N 86.22°E. It has an average elevation of 78 metres (255 feet). Jamui is well connected to the rest of the country via road while the Delhi-Howrah rail line is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away at Mallepur (Mallepur railway station is also known as Jamui railway station). Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna is about 161 kilometres (100 mi) and Gaya Airport 136 kilometres (85 mi) away. Situated along the Bihar-Jharkhand border, Jamui is dotted with hills and the small retreat town of Simultala falls within the Jhajha block, on the main Delhi-Howrah rail line. The town of Gidhaur, situated 17 kilometres (11 mi) away was the seat of kings during the British Raj and many buildings from the period still survive. Minto Tower in Gidhaur is a prime example of architecture from the period. Jamui district is also known for having many places related to the origin of Jainism. The district has untapped reserves of resources including mica, coal, gold and iron ore.

History

Various literatures indicate the fact that Jamui was known as Jambhiyaagram. According to Jainism, the 24th Tirthankar lord Mahavir got divine knowledge in Jambhiyagram situated on the bank of river named Ujjihuvaliya. Another place of a divine light of Lord Mahavir was also traced as "Jrimbhikgram" on the bank of Rijuvalika river which resembles Jambhiyagram Ujjhuvaliya.    The Hindi translation of the words Jambhiya and Jrimbhikgram is Jamuhi which is doveloped in the recent time as Jamui. With the prassage of time, the river Ujhuvaliya /Rijuvalika is supposed to be deoveloped as the river Ulai river is still flowing nearby Jamui. The old name of Jamui has been traced as Jambhubani in a copper plate which is kept in Patna Musuem. This plate clarifies that in the 12th century, Jambudani was nothing but today's Jamui. Thus, the two ancient names as Jambhiyagram and Jambubani prove that this district was important as a religious place for Jains and it was also a place of Gupta dynasty in the 19th century. The historian Buchanan also visited this place in 1811 and found the historical facts. According to other historians Jamui was also famous in the era of Mahabharata.     According to available literature, Jamui was related to Gupta and Pala rulers before 12th century. But after that this place became famous for Chandel rulers. Prior to Chandel Raj, this place was ruled by Nigoria, who was defeated by Chandels and the dynasty of Chandels founded in 13th century. The kingdom of Chandels spread over the whole of Jamui. Thus Jamui has a glorious history.

Notable people

Late Sri Krishna Singh:     Sri Krishna Singh (Sri Babu) (1887–1961), known as Bihar Kesari, was the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–1961). Along with the nationalists Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Dr. Anugrah Narayan Singh, Singh is regarded among the Architects of Modern Bihar. Barring the war years (Second World War 1939–1945), Singh was chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961." It was Singh who led Dalit’s entry into the Baidyanath Dham temple (Vaidyanath Temple, Deoghar), reflecting his commitment to the upliftment and social empowerment of dalits. Singh was the first Chief Minister in the country to abolish zamindari system in Bihar. He underwent different terms of imprisonment for a total of about eight years in British India. The Former President of India, Pratibha Patil released a book on the letters of exchange between Singh and the First Prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru titled Freedom and Beyond.The Nehru-Singh correspondence touches on subjects such as Indian democracy in the making in early years of Independence, Centre-state relations, role of governor, turbulence in Nepal, Zamindari abolition and education scenario. Singh was known for his scholarship and erudition and he had given his personal collection of 17,000 books to the public library in Munger in 1959 which is now named after him as Sri Krishna Seva Sadan.

 Late Sri Chandrashekhar Singh:     Chandrashekhar Singh was a member of the Indian National Congress and served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from August 1983 to March 1985. He also held a number of Cabinet Minister positions in the Cabinet of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

 Late Sri Tripurari Singh:    Noted political leader who became Chairman of Bihar Vidhan Sabha.

 Late Sri Shukra Das Yadav:     Noted social reformer and political leader, who fought for the cause of weaker section of the society. He also fought against Dowry, Child Marriage and Caste System. Later he joined politics and became Pramukh.

 Late Sri Shyama Prasad Singh:    A freedom fighter who actively participating in Civil Disobedience Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He was editor of Calcutta Samachar and director of Nav Sakti Patna.

 Late Sri Giridhar Narayan Singh:     Noted freedom fighter member of Socialist Party who founded the Kishan Shabha against the British rule. He actively participated in 1942 Quit India Movement.

 Late Sri Dukhharan Prasad:    Noted freedom fighter, who led the freedom movement to the common masses. He was sent to jail in 1943 where he was assaulted badly by the police and consequently he died and became an immortal martyr of the nation.

 Late Sri Kumar Kalika Prasad Singh:    Famous freedom fighter and Satyagrahi, who went jail several times during the British rule. K,K, M,College, Jamui has been named after him.

Digvijay Singh: (14 November 1955 – 24 June 2010) was an Indian politician from the state of Bihar and was an independent Member of the Parliament of India representing Banka in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. He died on 24 June 2010 in London after suffering a brain haemorrhage.Singh served as a Member of the Parliament of India five times – three times in the Lok Sabha (1998,1999,2009) and two times in the Rajya Sabha (1990, 2004).He served as Union Minister of State in the Chandrashekhar Government (1990–1991) and later in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee led National Democratic Alliance Government (1999–2004). He had also served as the President of National Rifle Association of India since 1999.

Shreyasi Singh: was part of the Indian team at the 2013 Trap Shooting World Cup held in Acapulco, Mexico.She won the 15th position there.Singh competed in the singles and pair trap events at the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi. She came 6th in single trap event and 5th in pair trap event. She won the silver medal in the singles double trap event at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow having scored 92 points in the final.[11] In the same year, she won the Bronze medal at the 2014 Asian Games in Incheon in the Double trap team event, along with Shagun Chowdhary and Varsha Varman.

Tourist Attractions

Giddheswar Temple : Famous temple of lord Shiva situated on the top of stone boulders. It 15 Km south from the district head quarter.

Hill Station Simultalla : This place is famous for its beautiful scenic hills and pleasant weather.It is supposed to be the Tapo-Bhumi of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhans, who founded TaraMath of Devi Bhagvati.

Jain Mandir Lachhuar:This is a large and old rest house(Dharmsala) of 65 rooms constructed for the Jain Pilgrims. There is a Mandir of Lord Mahavira inside the Dhamsala. This is situated on the way of kshatriya Kund Gram, the birth place of Lord Mahavira. This place is located in Sikandra Block which is approx 20 km. west from Jamui District Head quarter.

Kali Mandir Malaypur:Temple of goddess Kali is situated at village Malaypur, block Barhat. A very famous festival known as Kali Mela is held every year at this place. The temple is just near by the Railway station, Jamui.

Minto Tower Gidhaur: Minto tower was built by the Maharaja of Gidhaur in 1909 to commemorate the visit of the then British Viceroy Lord Irwin to Gidhaur. It is in the middle of Gidhaur Market on the main Jamui-Jhajha state highway.

Patneswar Mandir:This is famous temple of lord Shiva situated on the way of Station Road Jamui. It is about 5 Km north from the district head quarter Jamui.