Welcome To Jehanabad

Jehanabad was carved out of old Gaya district on 1st August, 1986. It was a sub-division of Gaya since 1872. The main aim behind the creation of this district was to accelerate the pace of development in tandem with tackling the problems of extremism, poverty, unemployment and underdevelopment. Jehanabad is mentioned in the ‘Ain-i-Akbari’, written by Mughal emperor Akbar’s court historian and poet Abul Fazl. It says that in the 17th century the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb established a relief centre for the famine affected people at this place and named it as ‘Jahanara’. Jahanara Aurangzeb’s sister supervised the Mandi herself and spent a lot of time at this place. Later, the area became known as Jehanabad. The tourist Places are as follows.   In the epic Mahabharata it is mentioned that this town was the capital of the kingdom Anga ruled by Karna. The Jain Tirthankar Mahavira stayed here for three rainy seasons as per the Jain text, Kalpa Sutra. It is also believed among Jain devotees that Tirthankar Vasupujya was born at this place. There are two important Jain temples situated here, one of Swetambaras and other of Digambaras. tradition.

Categories

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Geography

History

Sub-Divisions

Tourist Attractions

Transportation

Geography

The city of Jehanabad, which is the head quarter of the district, is situated at the confluence of the rivers Dardha & Yamuna. According to the provisional estimate, this district is situated in between 25-0’ to 25-15’ degree North latitude and 84-31’ to 85-15’ East Longitude. Its surrounding districts are the district of Patna in north, Gaya in south, Nalanda in east and the newly created district of Arwal in the west. Major part of the land in the district is plain. The rivers Sone, Phalgu, Dardha & Yamuna cris-cross the district. The river Sone that touches the western part of the district is the only perennial river. Rest of the rivers are seasonal. The river Phalgu has got religious importance where the Hindus offer “PIND DAN” to their fore fathers. The climate of Jehanabad is of extreme nature, i.e. very hot in the summers and biting cold in the winters. The average rainfall of the district is 1074.5 mm. Out of the total rainfall 90 percent comes from monsoons. The economy of the district is agriculture based. The soil is very much fertile known as “KEWAL” in local terms. This soil is very suitable for the production of rice, wheat, Sugarcane, etc.

History

The district of Jehanabad has a certain place in the history of India. The description is found in the famous book “Aine-e-Akbari”. The book says that the place was badly affected by famine in the 17th century and people were dying of hunger. The Moghul Emperor Aurangzeb, in whose time the book was re-written, established a Mandi for relief of the people and named the “Mandi” as “JAHANARA”. The Mandi was under the direct control and supervision of Jahanara. It is believed that she spent a great deal of time here. In the course of time, the place came to be known as “JAHANARABAD” and later as “JEHANABAD”. Today Jehanabad is known more for its minuses than for its pluses but that wasn’t always the case. Tradition and legends, Hindu as well as Buddhist, take down the history of Jehanabad to a period of hoary antiquity. The district abounds in ancient and medieval sites, mounds and ruins, some of which contain archaeological remains of considerable importance. Of the various places in the district which have yielded archaeological remains, Barabar, Dharauat and Dabthu occupy notable positions. The earliest of the archaeological remains in the district are to be found in the Barabar and Nagarjuni hills. The credit for unraveling the charm and appeal of the Barabar hills goes to the celebrated British writer E.M. Forster. His "A Passage to India" is replete with references to the Barabar hills by simply changing the name of the hills and caves to Marabar. The Barabar hills situated about 14 Kms. East of Makhdumpur railway station in Jehanabad district is famous for its rock cut caves which are supposed to be the earliest examples of cave Architecture in north India. During the reign of Ashoka, the caves were excavated in the Barabar hills for the ascetics of Ajivika sect. These are known as Sudama, Vishwajhopri, Karnchaupar and Lomas rishi and are excavated in the hardest granite with infinite care and the interior surface of all of them contains high polish and are burnished like glass. In the Nagarjuni range about 1 Km to the north east of Barabar hills there are three excavated caves containing the inscriptions of Ashoka’s grandson Dusratha. These are known as Gopi, Vahiyaka and Vedathika. For sheer panoramic grandeur and rugged natural beuty very few places in the district can be compared to the northern portion of the Barabar hills. From a distance, the twin hills of Barabar and Nagarjuni look like a dragoon slithering slowly towards the horizon. The Archaeological survey of India (ASI) has also sent a proposal to the UNESCO for inclusion of Barabar hills in the world heritage list of monuments. Dharaut about 10 Kms north west of Barabar hills, has been identified as the site of the Buddhist monastery of Gunamati. Not only does the position of Dharaut correspond with the account of itinerary given by the Chinese pilgrim Huen Tsang but the site of the ruins also agrees with his description. At the foot of the Kunwa hill which shut in Dharaut on the south stretches a large tank known as Chandrapokhar. The name of the tank perpetuates the legend that it was excavated by Raja Chandra Sen. Two modern temples at its north eastern corner once contained a large collection of ancient statues. The most remarkable was a colossal image of twelve armed Avalokiteswara Boddhisatva which has now been shifted to the Patna museum. Six Kms east of Hulasganj in Jehanabad, Dabthu is chiefly known for its finally carved images and ruins of temples. A noted scholar and historian FH Hamilton visited Dabthu and adjoing villages in 1811-12. His travelogue contained descriptions of dilapidated structures of magnificent temples including a jain temple, a mausoleum of a sufi saint and numerous images of Hindu gods and goddesses around the temples. Buchanan also talks of a sprawing earthen mound which is still extant. Now little remains of those shrines and idols as described by hamilton and Buchanan. However, in the remains of ancient shrines one can still see images of deities mutilated and decayed by ravages of time. About 25 Kms south-west of Jehanabad Ghejan is known for a number of ancient Budhist and Brahminical statues. The most interesting of them being a large seated diadem. There was also a large statue of Avalokiteswara with an inscription on the pedestal stating that it was the gift of Sthavira Ratn, who came from Nalanda and dedicated it for the benefit of his two disciples. This piece of Bodhist sculpture has since being shifted to the Patna Musiam. According to legend, Budha is said to have stayed in the village for a few days while on way to Gaya to attain enlightenment. He had also delivered sermons to a select group of disciples in the village. Later Bimbisar, emperor of Magadh setup a monastery in the village to commemorate Budha’s visit. The ruins of an ancient brick temple also exist in the village and there is also a temple containing a large standing figure of Tara, now worshiped as Bhagwati. At a time when vested interest are working over time to spread frenzy in the country, a small, unobtrusive Dargah at Kako in Jehanabad stands as a beacon of social harmony and peace for thousands of devotees belonging to both communities, Muslium and Hindus. Bibi Kamal preached religious tolerance and love in opposition to orthodoxy. For her, there was but one God and the world the reflection of God who permeates every thing. People irrespective of their faith visit the Dargah of Bibi Kamal. Bibi Kamal’s Urs takes place in November every year when cooked rice is distributed amoung devotees seeking her blessings.

Sub-Divisions

There is one sub-division and seven blocks in this district. The blocks are Jehanabad, Makhdumpur, Kako, Ghoshi, Modanganj, Hulasganj and Ratni. The last three blocks are of recent origin. Besides the district police headquarter, there are 13 reserved Police Stations in the district.

Tourist Attractions

Barabar, Land of Peace & Tranquillity: BarabarThe Barabar International Tourist Centre is situated in the hilly area of Makhdumpur in Jehanabad (Bihar) situated at a distance of 50 kms from Gaya and 75 kms from Patna. The place is world famous for its ancient Seven Rock cut Buddhist Caves and as the place of origin of Ajivak sect. Famous for its sheer panoramic grandeur and rugged natural beauty, very few places can match Barabar. The serene, calm and unpolluted surrounding provides mental relaxation, total freshness and vigor. Any one can go here by road. On Patna-Gaya Main road , towards south of Jehanabad at 16th k.m. there is "Mussie More". From Mussie More towards east at 10th K.m. it is situated.  From The month of November to February. In the month of  July-August "Shrawani Mela" is organized. It Starts from the 1st day of  Hindi "Saawan Month", and observed for one  month. one govt. guest   house having four rooms (One room for each) is available for stay@ 250/=per day each room, which can be booked by district Planning office, Jehanabad. (Phone number-- 06114-223072. ) Barabar,or VANAVAR, as a matter of fact, is one of the oldest places of Indian civilisation. It has connections with the Mahabhartha period. The great warrior of Mahabharata war, Ashwathama is said to be wandering even today in the valleys of Barabar. He had become mortal with the grace at Lord Sidhnath i.e. Lord Shiva, whose temple exists on the top of the highest mountain of Barabar hills.

THE NAGARJUN CAVES, BARABAR

In ancient times, Barabar was known as “KHALIT PARWAT” or “Nagarjuni parwat”. During Mahabhartha period, this was known “Gorthagiri” Either because the demon king Vanasur ruled here or because almost all the hills are of same height, this place came to be known as Banavar or Barabar in course of time. Vanasur was the senapati of the king Jarasandh and had constructed a fort on the hills, the remains of which can be seen even today. On the eastern side of Patal Ganga, Vanasur had also established the new city named “Ram Gaya” on the banks of the Nirajana river known as Falgu now-a-days. The remains of this city has also been found in the forms of bricks and rocks. Since Bimbisar to Dashratha, the Mauryan ruling period helped Barabar in flourishing. King Bimbisar was the contemporary of Lord Buddha. The Great Mauryan king Samrat Ashoka got constructed a number of caves on the request of one of his queens for saints of Ajivak sect. Ashok’s grand son, Dashrath also got constructed caves for saints of Ajivak sect and Buddhist monks. During the reign of Pushyamitra sung, its religious importance got lessened and it was used of an army fort. During his period, Barabar was attacked by the great ruler of Orissa king kharwel. He demolished the “Gorthagiri Fort”. This has been established by his Hanthi Cave inscription, situated at Udaygiri Mountain. 

BANABAR DWAR, BARABAR : Situated at Mussi more in Makhdumpur on Patna-Gaya International tourist route, the gate welcomes the tourist from all over. The design of gate is based on Ancient Buddhist traditions and is a fine blend of modern architect and ancient culture and traditions.

Hazrat Bibi Kamal  ka mukbara : This is the dargah of the first woman Sufi saint of the country, Hazrat Bibi Kamal who was famous for her holy power of healing. She was believed to be the aunt of Hazrat Makhdum Saheb of Bihar Shariff. Devotees believe in the mystic power of healing at this place for mentally challenged and incurable diseases.  The entry gate is through the graveyard adorned with shrubs of beli/mogra flower. There is a large lake across the yard and the main tomb is a humble rectangular enclosure. A black, partially broken stone tablet with Arabic inscription is laid at the corner which is believed to be having healing power.

Kauva Dol: This place is still not much explored by tourists although the infrastructure has improved a lot during the last decade. A magnificent ancient Buddha statue of black stone in a sitting posture, measuring about 8ft tall had been excavated from this site. The sculpture has been placed in a small shrine and next to the shrine lay the scattered pillars, some only visible partly above the ground as the remains of a Buddhist monastery which are still to be excavated. Few yards away, at the foothill rocks of the hill there are fantastic engravings of numerous Hindu gods and goddesses. Most of the carvings are of goddess Durga and other deities like Ganesha and Shivlingas. Next to a humble village lies one of the fantastic archaeological sites yet to be discovered from the grave of the past. Under a huge peepal tree the tiny shrine protects the 8’ black stone Buddha sculpture which was found at this place. Outside, below the tree, the glorious past lay silently with few pillars strewn around and rest only partly visible from underneath the earth. A few yards walk towards the nearby hill the amazing engravings of Hindu gods and goddesses are found along the rocks of the base of the hills. Goddess Durga and Devi forms are predominant among other Shivlinga and Ganesha images. It is quite a unique experience to see all the images of the deities without any intention to enshrine those inside a structured temple boundary but just spread across the nature as if to imagine the Omnipresent beyond any man-made borders.

 

 

 

 

Transportation

The district is linked both by road route and rail route. The Patna-Gaya branch railway line, popularly known as the “P.G. Line”, crosses through this district and links the main line of Patna and Grand Chord Line of Gaya. There are four-railway stations and 31 km long railway line in this district. The road route is via Masaurhi block of Patna district, which goes directly to Gaya via Makhdumpur block of this district.Road distance from Patna is 70 Kms. and from Gaya is 45 Kms.